Introduction to Sources of Water

Water is essential for life, and understanding how it is obtained is very important to know the various water sources. There are various sources of both natural and artificial water, which provide water for domestic, agriculture and industrial use.

Different sources of water

1. Surface Water

surface water
Surface water

The primary sources of surface water include rivers, lakes and ponds. It is also referred to as fresh water and is obtained from rain and snow. The surface water is used for various purposes including irrigation, domestic use and entertainment. It is a source of hydropower energy, which is used to produce electricity.

2. Underground water

Another important source of water is groundwater, which refers to underground water that are found underground rock. The rock is the sediment layer containing water and can be refilled by rain or water flowing through the soil. Groundwater is often used for domestic and agricultural purposes and is an essential drinking water source in many regions.

3. Rain water

rain water
Rain water

Rain water is a natural source of water that is obtained from rainfall. It can be collected and stored for a clean and pure source of water and various uses. The collection of rainwater is a popular practice in many regions, especially in water deficient areas. It is used for irrigation, domestic use and other non-carian purposes.

4. Desalinated Water


Desalinated water is found by removing salt and other minerals from sea water. It is an artificial source of water and is often used in areas where fresh water is lacking. Desalination is an expensive process, and it requires significant energy to manage. However, it is an essential source of water in many parts of the world, especially in the Middle East.

5. Waste water

waste water treatment
waste water treatment

Waste is another source of water that can be treated and reused for various purposes. It refers to water that has been used in homes, industries and other regions and contains contaminants like chemicals, bacteria and viruses. Waste water treatment involves removing these contaminants and securing water for re-use. Redempted waste water is often used for irrigation & industrial purposes.

6. Storm Water

Storm water flows from the roof, road and other surfaces during rainfall or snowfall. It can be collected and stored for various purposes including irrigation, industrial use and underground water recovery. Storm water management involves controlling the flow of storm water and reducing the influence of flow on the environment.


Water is an essential resource for various purposes, and it is essential to know different sources of water. Surface water, groundwater, rainwater, disalinated water, waste water and storm water are the primary source of water both natural and artificial. Each source has its own unique features and uses and it is very important to manage them in a durable to ensure their availability for future generations.

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